The innovative structure was designed by Swiss architects Jacques Herzog and Pierre de Meuron, with the support of the Research Group of Chinese Architecture and Design.
The construction of the stadium began in late 2003, with the adaptation of the surface and installation of the foundation, although the main construction work only began in March 2004. Construction work stopped in August 2004 because of perceived high cost of the building, which, they suggested to the architects and engineers to change the design to save costs and to complete construction on time.
In the new design, the roof of the stadium was completely omitted, however, many experts believe this made the stadium was more secure from seismic activity. The architects of the stadium not only adapted to the needs and standards of the Olympic organization, but also for other future uses, and that the stadium will host several sports like football or music events. The whole field of structural engineering, mechanical and electrical engineering, fire safety engineering and acoustic design are the responsibility of “Ove Arup & Partners.” Being the “Group of Beijing Urban Construction (BUCG) the manager of the project with the Research Group of Chinese Architecture and Design.
To minimize the construction of formwork, the design team favored the use of precast concrete. Finally, to complete construction of the stadium it took a total of 42,000 tons of steel.
To achieve the optimal design, the engineering team primarily used a parametric design specialized software.-via-